Childhood is an important period of time for human beings. Exposure to traumatic experiences during this time can have negative lifetime effects on children’s mental health. While one may think of trauma as any sort of abuse (physical, sexual, emotional), neglect (emotional and physical), domestic violence or parental incarceration, researchers have indicated peer/sibling assault, bullying, nonsexual assault and witnessing any of the above-mentioned as traumatic experiences as well. Recent studies have found a strong association between adverse childhood experiences and future anxiety disorders, depression, alcohol and substance abuse, suicidal ideation, anger/aggression, and delinquent behavior.

Author: Reyhane Namdari